Much has happened since the end of 2014, so here’s a rundown.

Back in May of last year I wrote an ambient piece, entitled Days Will Come, for the newly born daughter of a friend of mine, Kyle Hovatter. An 18 minute excerpt of that almost three hour work will be coming out on an album of music all written for Kyle’s daughter. Also featured is a remix Kyle did of an electronic piece of mine. You can check out and order the album here. (Keep an eye and an ear out for my own bandcamp page coming soon, where you will be able to stream the entire piece.)

The New Music Gathering had its inaugural event here in San Francisco. I was in attendance for most of it and had a fantastic time meeting with friends old and new. A lot has been said about the event already, and I urge you to check everything out. For now I will just say I look forward to this hopefully becoming an annual occurrence to help make our community that much stronger.

Areon Flutes did a stellar job of Spirals Slinkies Staircases at the SFCM Alumni recital last week, you can check out a review of the concert here.

Keep an ear on Music From Other Minds. I have produced about three episodes so far and will be hosting this week’s. Tune in Fridays at 11pm (PST) on KALW 91.7 FM.

Lastly, the video of the I Smoke My Pipe is now up. Enjoy.


The Guerrilla Composers Guild concerts were awesome. If you missed them, you can check out a review of the first concert here, and listen to the recording of my string trio below and on my Sounds page.

[Vijay Chalasani, Crystal Pascucci, and Chris Whitley performing. Nick Benavides and Zach Miley recording.]

I will be spending the holidays in upstate New York, experiencing my first white Christmas since I was five. I continue to make my way through Jan Swafford’s monumental new Beethoven biography, which so far, has already been tremendously illuminating. I am also finally getting back to some fiction, having just taken a detour to engross myself in some thoughts on poetry, in preparation for the numerous projects coming up next year involving poetry.

2015 is already shaping up to be a fantastic year, but I shall save details on everything for later. For the moment, I shall bid adieu for the rest of the year as I head out to enjoy a welcome change of scenery.

Happy Holidays and a Merry New Year

Spent Thanksgiving with the family in Orlando. It is always great to get some distance and perspective on things. Not to mention spending time with the folks. The year is winding down, but there is more going on than ever.

The Mobius Trio return from their East Coast tour, playing my piece, Initial Darkness, among other works. The boys had a blast over there and I have heard nothing but awesome reviews. Hopefully a recording of some sort will be forthcoming in 2015, so keep an ear out for that.

I am very excited for my new string trio to be premiered by the Guerrilla Composers Guild. Vijay Chalasani, Chris Whitley, and Crystal Pascucci are ripping it to shreds. Entitled I Smoke My Pipe, there will be two performances, one in San Francisco and one in Oakland. Also on the program will be music by GCG co-founders Nick Benavides and Danny Clay. (Both of whom have just updated their websites and they look amazing. Check them out!)

I just finished up two pieces for the Left Coast Ensemble’s Intersection 2015 workshop. Both short works written specifically for the participants. One is for clarinet, viola, and piano entitled Firefly Reflections. The other for flute, violin, and cello, entitled in the moonlight there were flowers.

I have a tendency, whenever I am in need of a title or two, to just pick up the nearest book of haikus and use something from the first couple that catch my eye. So far this has worked remarkably well, as the titles it has produced have had a fitting resonance with the emotional quality of the works in question.

Some electronic work of mine may surface sometime over the next couple of months. Keep an eye on this space and I will be sure to let you know when and where.

As mentioned before, I am working on a new song set with the poetry of J.L. Nowak. Again, another artist very much worth your time to take a look at. I will be setting her work Frames, which will include a visual component.

Lastly, a teaser of more work that will be coming up in later in 2015, check out the poetry of Roy Doughty.

Have a wonderful holiday season and I hope to see you at some of the shows coming up.

UPDATE: check out the interview I did with the Guerrilla Composers Guild about the upcoming show here!

If you are in the NYC area this week, keep and eye and ear out for the astounding Mobius Trio. They will be doing a short tour of the area, playing some absolutely fantastic music, included my own Initial Darkness (Radio Edit). More information can be found on my events page.

I have also been putting up small pieces and sketches under the title Short Takes on my soundcloud page. These are short clips that are either discarded from some other works, or their own stand alone little microcosm. Keep an ear there as well as they should update once or twice a week for a little while.

More projects are coming down the chute, which I will update about as appropriate, but I am most excited to be starting on a new song set for the soprano Jill Morgan Brenner.

Having two premieres within 24 hours was amazing, exhilarating, and tiring. Both Areon Flutes and the Mobius Trio did awesome amazing jobs on all of the music that they played this weekend. Unbeknownst to me at the time, on Saturday night when Areon was premiering Spirals Slinkies Staircases (as well as, among other things, recapping a decade-old gem by Noah Luna), Mobius was premiering a new work by the awesome Santiago Gutierrez Bolio, which they then recapped the following day at their concert at C4NM. At that concert on Sunday, Mobius opened with a three year old piece by Danny Clay before moving on to the Radio Edit of my new piece for them, Initial Darkness. They closed the concert with another new work, Infinite Earths, by the astounding Mario Godoy.

Those stories are a very tiny testaments to one of the things that make these groups awesome, especially from a composer’s perspective, which is that they will continue to perform pieces. It is already a tired lament in the new music community that far too often pieces get premieres, and then no second performance. Fighting this was one of the main impetuses behind the founding of the Fifth Floor Collective (of which I had a small part in, and who also had a concert last night in Boston). But groups like Mobius and Areon bring a very special dedication to the music that they ask for and perform. This goes all the way through their entire preparation (Santiago mentioned to me yesterday, after sound check, at his awe that everything that Mobius was spending time to checking and setting up, was all in service to giving the best performance possible of these works), to continue to perform the works, sometimes even for years.

I am very fortunate that Areon and Mobius will both continue to perform the works I have written for them throughout this season. Mobius is making a small tour to the NYC area, I’ve posted the shows where they are planning on playing Initial Darkness. Areon as well will be playing some cool shows later this season, and I will be posting those dates once I have confirmation. Every musician knows that performance of works only continue to get better with time and practice, as was very clearly evident this weekend by the performances of Noah’s and Danny’s music. I am excited that these pieces will get a life outside of this past weekend and I look forward to seeing all of the nuanced ways in which they change and grow over the season.

Looking ahead, there will be news about a new work I have written for the Guerrilla Composers Guild, and if you don’t already, keep an ear out on Music from Other Minds.

Areon 10:11:14 Mobius 10:12:14

This week is very exciting. I will have two premieres on back to back nights in the Bay Area on October 11th and 12th.

First up is my new piece for Areon Flutes entitled Spirals Slinkies Staircases. This was a commission as part of the group’s monumental tenth season and I am very honored to be taking a part in it. They will be playing the piece this Saturday, October 11 at Trinity Chamber Concerts.

The following day the Mobius Trio will be premiering my new piece for them, on three electric guitars, Initial Darkness. That will be taking place on Sunday, October 12 at 5pm at the Center for New Music.

I am very excited to be working with both of these groups and can’t wait for all of the music making this week.

A friend of mine who shares the same teacher as me, was prompted by said teacher to ask his colleagues (and I assume more established composers as well) what their thoughts were on the appropriate language to use in scores and tempo indications.

So here are some of mine.

Obviously, the main concern here is communicating effectively and succinctly (and judging by the length of this post, something I could possibly use some work on). Probably the best way to achieve this is to communicate in a players’s native language. It is for this reason that my scores are in English. As of this writing, I have yet to write music for non-native English speakers, but hopefully that will change at some point in the future. If I become so lucky as to have a commission from a non-English speaker, I will probably produce a score in primarily whatever language it is they are fluent in. I will then most likely produce a second copy of the score in English, as most other musicians who might be interested will most likely be English speakers.

But, it is unrealistic and ineffective to have everything in a score (directions, indications, etc.) in English. There are certain phrases, symbols, and abbreviations that have become part of standard performance practice. The issue then becomes drawing the line at what has and has not become universally adopted.

William Bolcom once told a story about exactly this at a master class I watched in college. He recalled that when he was younger, he sought to have everything in his scores in English, because, he is an American composer. But it came to a point where he put “plucked” in a string part instead of “pizzicato”, and the player just simply asked him if he meant pizzicato. A discussion ensued chewing up much valuable rehearsal time.

The abbreviation pizz. quickly and accurately conveys to the player what is intended. Pizzicato has become an English word, meaning to pluck the strings. It is even included in Merriam-Webster.

Other symbols and abbreviations have become universally adopted, at least in the Classical music community. The symbols “ff” and “mp” similarly have a commonly accepted meaning (even if this meaning is discussed and argued about in context in rehearsals, but then again almost everything is). It would be misguided and a waste of time and energy to put such indications as “softly” or “very very loud” (or “very very strong” to give a more direct translation) instead of the bold slightly italic symbols that have become part of musical discourse.

Other indications enter a gray (grey) area, such as dolce. While understood, it is not as firmly integrated into musical discourse. Other English alternatives such as sweetly, warmly, singingly, or even “in a warm and delicate manner”, convey slightly different sentiments whose nuances may be more appropriate to the musical situation.

Then there comes the whole issue of tempo and the associated indication.

For a newly composed work, I have never seen a composer get away with only giving an indication and not an actual tempo marking. I have seen performers, both amateur and professional, relentlessly grill composers about what metronome marking they had in mind, even when those composers’s work is firmly rooted in a tradition of trying to relive Mozart, Beethoven, or Brahms, who gave generic indications such as allegro. It seems to me, that because of their overuse in such a staggeringly array of different situations, indications such as allegro and adagio have become almost meaningless, especially when dealing with contemporary music.

Indications at tempo markings are one of the main places that performers look at for the character of the work, and clues to how they should interpret everything else that is on the page.  Just as I have seen composers grilled for metronome markings when missing, I have seen just as many instances when performers try and tease out a word or two from the composer to give then a clue about the music when only a number is given at the beginning of the score. These indications often serve as a litmus test for how clearly the composer has this music in their mind, especially with younger composers. In his blog, conductor Jeffery Means extols Hans Abrahamsen’s marking in his score for Schnee:

“There is always just the right amount of information to be perfectly clear in all regards, yet the score does not give the impression of being over-marked. Also, Abrahamsen’s stylistic markings, to me, strike the perfect balance between pragmatic clarity and poetic description.”

And lastly, these two issues of tempo indications and language come to a head in Mahler. Take for instance his fifth symphony (because it happens to be readily at hand). Mahler is a famous case for having score in a native language. In fact, Mahler has so much German in his score that Dover saw fit to publish a glossary of German terms and phrases at the beginning of the book.

The tempo indication at the opening of the first movement is “In gemessenem Schritt. Streng. Wie ein Kondukt.”, which Google translates to “At a measured pace. Strictly. Like a funeral procession.” (not bad). Depending on one’s personal taste, this either falls perfectly on the line of just enough or too much. But the fact that it is in German conveys a more nuanced and personal message than just marcia funere.

And then there is the famous Adagietto, the fourth movement of five. This is a fascinating case because Mahler chose what would classically be an Italian tempo indication as the title of the movement, and then wrote “Sehr Langsam” (“very slowly”) at the top of the page. Obviously the indication adagietto imparted a certain amount of information about the character of the music, but he found that an actual tempo indication was still necessary.

Let me know what your thoughts are on this, or if I missed something big.

Here is some of what I have been up to and what is about to start consuming my life.

Last month I took part in a performance of Vexations over in Berkeley. You can check out the write up here.

I just finished Waves for six guitars. This will hopefully be premiered at SFCM sometime next calendar year. It was partially inspired by Reuben Margolin‘s work.

I am working on Piano Piece I, which will be the second piece in the series, following last year’s Piano Piece VI. Once PPI is finished, PPV will be underway.

I am writing an oboe and bassoon duet for the wonderful Kris King and Sydne Sullivan entitled …on all sides of ours lives. We will be recording this on the 10th and premiering it on Sydne’s recital on the following day.

Today I met with The Living Earth Show to start on the piece that I will be writing for them for the April 2, 2013 concert at SFCM, I watch the fire as the days echo away. I’m stoked to be working with awesome people and musicians on this project.

New Keys just performed IV at their fall concert and did an awesome job with it. I will be writing a two piano eight hands piece for them for the spring.

I am going to start work on a new orchestra piece, the emotional impetus behind which came from my work at the SFCM Archives.

And lastly, I will be doing an installation at the Hot Air Festival this year which I am totally stoked about. I am excited to branch out from a strict concert setting for my work. It is an option that I have thought about exploring and I look forward to my first venture with it.


One of my hobbies, or minor passions as Patrick Greene would refer to them, is old out-of-print music theory books. One of the things that I will periodically do here is discuss and share varying passages that I find in these books and their possible implications.

The current book in question is The Theory and Practice of Tone-Relations by Percy Goetschius, originally published in 1892. Here, it is the 16th edition, published in 1917 by G. Schirmer, “completely rewritten and enlarged”, coming in at 174 pages.

One of the interesting things to do with something like this, and well, anything really, is to check out the extremes. Here, let’s look at the last instructing sentence:

Every note must be accounted for.

Now of course looking at this sentence in this light takes it completely out of context, yet it is still fascinating to find this sort of sentiment arising from a book dealing exclusively in tonal harmony, written and rewritten well before the advent of Schoenberg’s system.

After total serialism had its heyday, and then over extended itself in some universities, there seemed to be a back lash, heading back to romantic sentiment (which in and of itself has become the new dogma…) by some composers and institutions. Some fractions of which would go on to extol the virtues of listening to one’s “inner ear” and focusing on intuition. But even here, in a book that is surely of minor historical importance, it is instructive to note the emphasis placed on craft, and being able to account for and justify every note and its place on the page.